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Cardiology

What is cardiology?

Cardiology is the study and treatment of the  heart. A person who specializes in treating and diagnosing cardiovascular systems referred to a cardiologist. But a cardiologist is not always the same as a cardiac surgeon. A cardiac surgeon deals in opening the chest and performs cardiac  surgery. The cardiologist carries out tests and  performs procedures which include heart catheterizations,  inserting a pacemaker and angioplasty.

Cardiac disease relates specifically to the heart, while cardiovascular disease affects the heart and  the blood vessels.

Cardiology

When to visit a cardiologist?

If a person is suffering from various heart conditions then  their physician can refer  them to a cardiologist.

Symptoms indicating  heart problem are:

A cardiologist can perform  various tests for a heart murmur or an abnormal heart rhythm.

Heart diseases that a cardiologist can help

The cardiologist can give advice about preventing cardiac disease.

Test for Cardiology

Here are some of the test given which are  performed in Cardiology.

  1. Electrocardiogram (ECG): This test helps in  recording the electrical activity of the cardiac.
  2. Ambulatory ECG: This test records heart rhythms when the person carries out exercise or their regular activities. Small metal electrodes are stuck on to the chest and are connected by wires to a Holter monitor for recording the rhythms.
  3. An exercise test-  this test shows the changes of heart rhythm while resting and exercising. It measures the limitation and performance of the heart.
  4. Echocardiogram-  this test helps in  providing an ultrasound picture that shows the heart chambers and its surrounding areas for showing the working of the heart. Echocardiography can measure pumping of blood from the heart  known as cardiac output.
  5. Cardiac catheterization: It is a small tube present  near the heart that collects data and may help relieve a blockage. It can take pictures and check the functioning of the cardiac and the electrical system.
  6. Nuclear cardiology: nuclear imaging techniques use the  radioactive materials to study cardiovascular disorders or cardio diseases in a noninvasive way.

Cardiac electrophysiology

Cardiac electrophysiology is a subdiscipline  of cardiology. The physician checks the working of  electric currents inside the heart muscle tissue, and the spreading of current , and the pattern of the currents.

Electrophysiology study (EPS) of the cardiac is the  test in which a catheter is threaded into a vein at the top of the leg.

An EPS of the heart can help in following ways:

A cardiac electrophysiologist can help in  providing the  treatment for abnormal rhythms including cardiac ablation,  pacemaker and implantable cardioverter defibrillators.

How to keep your heart healthy?

Try these following ways to keep your healthy and fit:

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