A heart Transplant refers to saving the most vital organ of human anatomy. If the heart stops functioning, the rest of the organs of our body will stop working as well. Because the heart pumps blood that carries oxygen and other nutrients to our entire body. So a failure of heart function will lead to death after extreme severity. However, we are fortunate to have the best medical treatments in India, especially for heart surgery. And heart transplant has a success rate of approximately 80-90% in India.
India is a major destination for health services across the globe. Medical tourism in India is thriving with advanced medical technology and international healthcare standards. Moreover, medical tourism companies in India work efficiently to make the country a potential leader in this field. They attract foreign nationals with a global infrastructure and pool of qualified doctors available in India at affordable costs. It motivates outbound patients to undergo complex procedures like heart transplants in India.
A Heart Transplant or a Cardiac transplant is a surgical procedure performed on patients with severe coronary artery disease. It is the last resort for patients with heart failure. Doctors recommend this procedure when other medical or surgical treatments have failed. This life-saving treatment helps increase the patient’s lifespan by replacing the damaged heart with a donor’s heart. This post discusses heart transplants in India, their cost, procedure, and risk factors.
Who Needs A Heart Transplant?
Doctors suggest heart transplants for patients who have already tried all other possible treatments and less complicated surgeries. A heart transplant is the last option for a patient with severe heart failure despite advanced treatment. In this case, the heart has trouble pumping enough blood around the body. And the patient has the risk of mortality without a transplant. Usually, this condition results from coronary heart disease, cardiomyopathy, or congenital heart disease.
Who Is Eligible For Heart Transplant In India?
When deciding on this life-saving treatment, it is also crucial to consider many other factors. These include urgency, effectiveness, risks, and benefits to the patient and to society.
In India, every heart transplant center has a waiting list of 10 or 20 at any given time. And there is an estimated requirement of 50,000 hearts for transplants. So, patients become eligible for a transplant on the basis of urgency.
Category 1 and 2 patients get the top priority in undergoing heart transplants. The severely ill and not expected to survive more than a month come into these categories. They receive the first available heart for a transplant.
Procedure of Heart Transplant In India
This open-heart surgery takes 4 to 6 hours when the patient remains unconscious under general anesthetic. A heart-lung bypass machine takes over the functions of the heart and lungs during the surgery.
The procedure includes making an incision in the chest. Then the surgeon separates the chest bone and opens the rib cage to remove the diseased heart. After this, they stitch the new heart into place. Then surgeons connect the new heart to the main artery, the pulmonary artery, and the remaining part of the atria.
Generally, the new heart starts beating just after the blood flow restores. But in some cases, it requires an electric shock to make the donor’s heart start functioning.
Risk Factors Related To Heart Transplant In India
- There are chances of rejection that might create other risks leading to death.
- The new heart may fail to function properly.
- Cardiac Allograft Vasculopathy or thickening of the walls of the coronary arteries in the new heart.
- Infections and side effects due to medication.
- Shortness of breath, fever, and fatigue (tiredness).
- Retention of fluid in the body.
- Reduced amounts of urine lead to kidney failure.
- Bleeding during or after the surgery.
- Blood clots cause heart attack, stroke, or lung problems.
Best Hospitals For Heart Transplants In India
One of the factors behind the thriving medical tourism in India is the best heart transplant hospitals in the country. Apollo Hospitals, Chennai has successfully performed several Heart transplants. However, there are many other hospitals in India with proven experience in heart transplants. Here is the list of the hospitals providing the best medical treatments in India.
- Kerala Institute of Medical Sciences, Trivandrum, Kerala.
- NM Wadia Institute of Cardiology, Pune.
- Apollo Cardiac Centre, New Delhi and Chennai.
- Medica Super Speciality hospital, Kolkata.
- UN Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Centre, Gujarat.
Cost Of Heart Transplants In India
The average cost of a heart transplant ranges from 20 to 25 lakhs in India. It includes pre-transplant evaluation, the surgery, and the post-transplant recovery period.
India is home to some of the best cardiac hospitals in the world. People come here for advanced medical facilities and heart transplant surgeries at lower costs. The medical tourism companies in India ensure the top-rated medical facilities for the patients. Thus patients can avail themselves of high-quality medical treatment at an affordable bill.