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What is Orthopedics

It is a branch of the medical system  that deals with the care of the musculoskeletal system. This system is made up of muscles and bones, ligaments,  joints and tendons. The person who specializes in orthopedics is called an orthopedist.  They use both surgical and nonsurgical approaches to treat a wide range of musculoskeletal issues, such as sports injuries, back problems,  joint pain etc.

What is Orthopedics

Orthopedists Conditions

Orthopedists treat a wide range of musculoskeletal conditions which are present by birth or may have occurred during injury or age-related wear and tear.  Here are some of the most common conditions of orthopedics:

Diagnostic tests

Orthopedic Treatment

For chronic musculoskeletal disorders like back pain or arthritis, the orthopedist may recommend the following treatments:

Different types of orthopedic practices

An orthopedic specialist  specializes in a particular branch of orthopedic medicine.  Given below are some of the subdisciplines of orthopedic.

When to visit an Orthopedic Doctor ?

Normal human being contains more than 300 bones along with  joints in our body. If one of them starts dysfunctioning then it can lead to  a great problem.

  1. Facing difficulty in doing everyday activity – If you are struggling in doing a normal everyday task then it’s time to consult a doctor.
  2. Suffering from chronic pain-  It is a pain lasting over more than 12 weeks. If you are experiencing  this then seek a professional.
  3. Range of motion is becoming limited-  Limited range of motion can be a joint disease. Consult an orthopedic before the situation gets worden.
  4. Facing problems while walking- Feeling shaky while walking or you are not able to walk properly. Then it’s high time to consult an orthopedician.
  5. Injury of soft tissue not improving in 48 hours-  If in case there is no improvement in the tissue after 48 hours of injury. Talk to the doctor as soon as possible.

How to keep your bones strong?

1.Eat calcium rich food such as:

2.Intake vitamin D for strong bones

3.Eat nutritious food

Potassium, vitamin K and magnesium helps in keeping  your body absorb and use calcium.  Intake these important nutrients by eating a variety of healthy foods such as  vegetables and fruit, legumes (beans, peas, lentils), nuts, seeds, whole grains and fish. Protein helps to build muscle that helps keep bones strong and healthy.  Choose protein-rich foods such as fish, shellfish, meat, poultry,legumes, nuts and seeds.

4.Stay active

Be active for a minimum 150 minutes each week. DO exercises like Weight-bearing exercises like running, walking,  dancing, tennis hiking, low impact aerobics and golf.
Stretching exercises such as yoga will help to improve balance and coordination, which will lower your risk of falling and breaking bones.

5. Limit caffeine

Consuming  too much caffeine may  decrease the amount of calcium you absorb.

6. Limit alcohol

Excess drinking alcohol can contribute to the  bone loss.

7.Don’t smoke

If you smoke you will face faster bone loss and a higher risk of bone fractures.

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