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Tag: hip replacement surgery

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If you are looking for hip replacement surgery or any kind of hip treatment then just be on the page to know everything about the surgery and treatment. This article will provide you with each and every detail regarding hip joint replacement surgery. If your hip has been damaged by a fracture, arthritis, or any other conditions then walking or getting in and out of a chair may be difficult and painful. If medications and the use of walking supports do not adequately help your symptoms, then you may go through hip replacement surgery. It is a safe and effective procedure that can relieve your pain and help you get back to enjoying daily activities.

Hip replacement surgery is among the most successful operations in all of medical science.  Since the early 1960s, joint replacement surgical techniques and technology have been improved and have increased the effectiveness of total hip replacement. As per the various reports, more than 450,000 total hip replacements are performed each year in the United States successfully.

Introduction

Basically, The hip is one of the largest joints of the body and is also known as the ball-and-socket joint. The socket is formed by the acetabulum. The ball is the femoral head, which is the upper end of the femur of the ball and socket covered with articular cartilage. A thin tissue known as the synovial membrane surrounds the hip joint. This membrane makes a small amount of fluid that lubricates the cartilage and stops the friction during hip movement.

 Causes of Hip Pain

Causes of Hip Pain

Arthritis is the most common cause of chronic hip pain and disability.

  • Osteoarthritis-  This disease comes up with the age it is a kind of  “wear and tear” type of arthritis. It usually occurs in people who are above 50 years of age. Osteoarthritis can be caused by subtle irregularities depending on the development of the child.
  • Femoral head Fracture- Femoral head Fractures are one of the rare injuries that are associated with posterior or anterior hip dislocations caused due to high energy trauma.
  • Avascular Necrosis-  Also known as Osteonecrosis, is caused when the bones start losing blood.
  • Post-traumatic arthritis- This can lead to a  serious hip fracture or injury.

Hip joint replacement surgery

In a total hip replacement, the damaged bone and cartilage is removed and replaced with prosthetic components. Then the damaged femoral head is removed and replaced with a metal stem and is placed into the hollow center of the femur. The femoral stem may be either cemented or “press-fit” into the bone.

Metal is placed on the upper part of the stem and replaces the damaged femoral head that was removed. The damaged cartilage surface of the socket is removed and replaced with a metal socket. Screws are used to hold the socket in place.

A plastic ceramic is inserted between the new ball and the socket for a smooth gliding surface. You can also refer to hip replacement surgery videos on youtube to know how it really works, what are the processes etc..

Hip replacement surgery time

There are many  reasons to visit for hip replacement surgery:

  • Hip pain can lead to the limitation of everyday activities, such as bending or walking.
  • Hip pain that continues while resting
  • Stiffness in a hip limits the ability to move or lift the leg movement.
  • Don not getting any kind of relief from the pain after taking anti-inflammatory drugs, physical therapy, or walking supports.
  • Instability of the hip joint results in disbalance

Diagnostic test for hip replacement surgery

The Orthopaedic Evaluation

It consists of the following components:

  • Medical history-  Your surgeon will ask you about your health and ask questions about the extent of your hip pain and how it affects your ability to perform daily activities.
  • Physical examination- This will assess hip strength, mobility, and alignment.
  • X-ray-  for determining the extent of damage in your hip.
  • Other tests-  Other tests, such as a magnetic resonance imaging scan needed to determine the condition of the bone and soft tissues of your hip.

As you can see in the left picture-  x-ray of a normal hip, the space between the ball and socket indicates healthy cartilage

And in the Right picture- an x-ray of an arthritic hip shows loss of joint space.

When to Have Hip Replacement Surgery

Your orthopedic surgeon will review the results of the evaluation and then will decide whether to go for hip replacement surgery or not.

There are many alternatives to hip replacement surgery such as physical therapy, medications or other types of surgery.

Along with this, your surgeon will also explain the potential complications and risks of hip replacement surgery which includes pain after hip replacement surgery.

You should never hesitate in asking your doctor any kind of question-related to surgery. You must know everything in detail.

Hip ball replacement surgery cost

Hip ball replacement surgery cost in India is one of the biggest factors behind the Thousands visit of patients to India. It is somehow a costly procedure in Western countries as compared to India. Since it is one of the complex surgeries, therefore it must be performed by a highly experienced and trained orthopedic doctor.

Given below are some of the various hip replacement surgery cost:

  • The cost of Single Hip Replacement Surgery in India starts from INR 297,000
  • The cost of Bilateral Hip Replacement Surgery in India starts from INR 520,000.
  • The cost of Total Hip Replacement Surgery in India starts from INR 409,000.
  • This cost can varies depending upon the hospital, experience of doctors, quality and type of implant used and other parameters.

Factors  responsible for hip replacement surgery cost

  • Quality and Type of implant used for the surgery.
  • The type of hospital preferred
  • Experience of the doctor
  • Cost of medicines
  • Management of post-surgery complications and pains
  • Duration of stay in the hospital.
  • Cost of Rehabilitation and physical therapy
Type of Hip Replacement Surgery Price in ($) Price in (₹)
1 Single hip replacement USD 4,000 INR 297,000
2 Bilateral hip replacement USD 7,000 INR 520,000
3 Total hip replacement USD 5,500 INR 409,000

Types of Hip Joint Replacement performed by Hospitals

There are various types of hip replacement surgery depending upon the level of intervention needed during the surgery. Given below are different types of surgeries for hip replacement

  • Total hip replacement surgery: In this procedure, the natural and damaged hip joint is completely removed and is replaced with a prosthetic joint. This surgery helps in reducing hip pain completely and also improves the quality of life. It takes a long time in recovery
  • Partial hip replacement surgery: In this procedure, the damaged hip joint is partially removed and replaced with the prosthetic joint. It takes less time in recovery after partial hip replacement.
  • Hip resurfacing surgery: It is basically an alternative to total hip replacement. It helps in relining the damaged hip joint rather than replacing it altogether.
  • Double hip replacement surgery: It is also known as Bilateral Total Hip Replacement which is carried out on both hips.
  • Hip replacement revision: When the first hip replacement surgery does not go well or the prosthetic attached in the place of the original joint does not function well as per the requirement. Then the surgeon may conduct another surgery which is known as revision hip replacement which helps in targeting in the correction of the problem with the first surgery.
  • Minimally invasive hip replacement: It focuses on delivering the same benefits of total or partial hip replacement surgery to make patients recover as soon as possible and return to the daily chores of life. In this surgery, smaller tools and instruments are used and inserted through several small incisions made around the hip area, instead of a single, large incision.

Types of Hip replacement Implants

There are various materials used in hip replacement implants. A few of them are listed below:

  • The prosthetic implant is made of cobalt chrome or titanium-aluminum alloy which makes them harder, durable, and high strength and helps in working well even when the object moves against another object.
  • Prosthetics are also created by using polyethylene plastic. This material is durable and has a high life span and is lightweight in comparison to other materials. The life of a prosthetic placed during hip replacement may range from 10 to 25 years depending upon the material used.

Hip implant dislocation.

How to protect  Your Hip Replacement

There are many ways you can do to protect your hip replacement

  • Always participate in a regular light exercise program to maintain proper strength and mobility.
  • Take special precautions to avoid falls and injuries as per the doctor’s advice.
  • Inform your dentist about your hip replacement.
  • Visit regular follow-up examinations and x-rays, even if your hip replacement seems to be doing fine to know the conditions.

Conclusion

What is a hip replacement?

Hip replacement is a surgical procedure to address hip pain and in the surgery parts of the hip joint are replaced with artificial implants. The hip joint consists of a ball and a socket. It also includes the replacement of one or both parts to resume daily activities and exercise with less pain. There are many types of Hip replacement surgery.  Your surgeons may recommend hip replacement if you are suffering from continuous  pain, inflammation, and damage to your hip joint due to conditions:

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Osteonecrosis
  • An injury such as hip fracture
  • Tumor in the hip joint

When your life suffers due to hip pain continuously then you can go for hip replacement.

  • Inability to get restful sleep due to pain
  • Difficulty in doing simple tasks
  • Inability to fully participate in the activities

Your doctor may recommend other treatments such as medicine for pain or inflammation, physical therapy, walking aid and joint injections . If these measures do not help in relieving pain and stiffness, hip replacement surgery may be necessary. The evaluation basically includes:

  • Aspiration
  • Bone densitometry test
  • CT and MRI
  • Arthrogram.

If you need any  further support, check out Hip replacement pictures, or  visit the website  themedicaltrip to get each and every detail of the surgery.

FAQ

1)How long does it take to fully recover from a hip replacement?

Hip replacement recovery can take around 2 to 4 weeks on an average. It basically depends on a few factors such as how active you were before your surgery, pre existing conditions,your age, nutrition and other health and lifestyle factors.

2)How painful is a hip replacement?

It depends on the type of surgery you have gone through If you continue physical therapy, your pain levels will slowly decrease to about 1 or 2 in 12 weeks after the hip replacement surgery.

3)Is a hip replacement a major operation?

A hip replacement is major surgery, therefore it is usually recommended if other treatments physiotherapy or steroid injections are not able to reduce the  pain or improve mobility.

4)What is the average age for a hip replacement?

Most of the  hip replacements are performed in patients who are between 60 and 80 years of age, Hip replacement is occasionally performed in patients in their teens or in  early twenties.

5)What can you never do after hip replacement?

Given below are following things you should never do after you hip replacement surgery:

  • Avoid crossing your legs at the knees for at least 6 to 8 weeks.
  • Don’t bring your knee up higher.
  • Don’t lean forward while sitting.
  • Don’t pick up something on the floor while you are sitting.
  • Don’t turn your feet excessively inward or outward..
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