Weight loss refers to the reduction of the total body mass in the context of medicine. Losing body mass by loss of liquid, body fat like bone mineral deposits, muscle, tendon, and other connective tissue. Sometimes it can happen unintentionally because of malnourishment or an underlying disease or from a continuous effort to improve an actual or perceived overweight or obese state. When “Unexplained” weight loss occurs due to reduction in caloric intake or exercise is called cache xia and it can be a symptom of a serious medical condition and one must consult a doctor. Intentional weight loss is known as slimming.
Sometimes unintentional weight loss can cause a serious problem. It’s better to consult a doctor if you are losing weight continuously. Not all weight loss is serious but it can be very stressful. Unintentional weight loss may be a sign of one of these medical condition given below:
Muscle loss can lead to unintentional weight loss. The major symptom is muscle weakness.In certain cases your limbs may look smaller than the other one. This problem can arise if you don’t use muscles for a while. Generally, exercise and proper nutrition will protect you from muscle loss.
Muscle loss occurs due to:
Overactive thyroid produces when your thyroid gland starts making too much thyroid hormone. These hormones control functions in the body such as metabolism.
Overactive thyroid occurs due to:
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an disease that makes your immune system attack the lining of your joints, which leads to inflammation. Chronic inflammation speed up metabolism and results in overall weight loss
RA occurs due to:
Diabetes is the most common reason of unintentional weight loss. If you are suffering from type 1 diabetes, your immune system attacks cells in your pancreas. Without insulin, body can’t use glucose for energy and that causes high blood glucose. The kidney excrete unused glucose through urine. As sugar leaves your body.
Causes of type 1 diabetes are:
Weight loss can be the side effect of depression. It affects some parts of the brain that control appetite. This can result into poor appetite, and eventually, weight loss. In some people, depression increase appetite.
Causes of depression:
It’s common for your body weight to fluctuate. But, if you are losing weight continuously without changing your habits it can be a serious problem. If you are experiencing a 5 percent weight loss in 6 to 12 months its high time you should visit a doctor.
Cut back on sodium
Look for low-sodium products as eating too much sodium can cause your body to retain water, which puts more pressure on your lungs.
Don’t ignore your mental health
Antidepressants and other treatments can help you maintain your weight while improving your mood and outlook on life. It avoids stress and depression. Consult a doctor as soon as possible for betterment of your mental health.