A bone marrow transplant is known to be medical treatment or procedure that is done to restore bone marrow that’s been damaged by an infection, disease, or chemo-therapy. This procedure or treatment involves transplanting blood stem cells, traveling to the bone marrow, producing new blood cells, and promoting new marrow growth.
Bone marrow is like a spongy – fatty tissue inside your bones. It creates the blood that involves red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Bone marrow also accommodates immature blood-forming stem cells called hematopoietic stem cells. Most cells are already distinguished and can only make copies of themselves. The HSC found in your blood functions as a creator of new blood cells in your body. The bone marrow transplant cost in India is around INR 15,00,000 to INR 40,00,000. The actual bone marrow transplantation cost depends on the procedure and other treatments.
What Does A Bone Marrow Transplant Do?
A bone marrow transplant restores your damaged stem cells with healthy cells by replacing them. This aids your body in making enough white blood cells, platelets, or red blood cells to avoid bleeding disorders, infection, or even anemia. The healthy stem cells can come from a donor, or they can come from your own body. In such a situation, stem cells can be harvested or grown before beginning radiation treatment or chemotherapy. Those healthy cells are then deposited and used in transplantation. The bone marrow transplant cost in India may, however, be different from other places.
Reasons For A Bone Marrow Transplantation(BMT)
Bone marrow transplant is done when a person’s marrow is not healthy enough to function correctly. The reasons why you need bone marrow transplantation are given below:
- Aplastic anemia: it is a disorder in which the marrow stops making new blood cells.
- Cancer that affects the marrow – such as leukemia, multiple myeloma, and lymphoma.
- Damaged bone marrow due to chemo.
- Congenital neutropenia is an inherited disorder that causes recurring infections.
These are some of the reasons behind this complicated surgery. If you see yourself or a loved one going through some condition as listed above, then think about getting a BMT. It may help you with the condition, and the bone marrow treatment in India is pretty feasible.
What Are The Complications Associated With BMT?
A BMT (bone marrow transplantation) is considered a major medical procedure and increases your risk of experiencing the following:
- Drop-in blood pressure
- Shortness of breath
Complications during the bone marrow treatment in India can be mild or very severe as well, and they include:
- GVHD: it is a condition in which the donor cells attack your body
- Bleeding in the lungs, brain, or other parts of the body
- Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
- Mucositis: It causes inflammation and soreness in the mouth, throat, and stomach.
It would help if you talked to your doctor about any concerns you may have regarding bone marrow treatment. They can help you with the risks and complications against the potential benefits of this procedure.
How To Prepare For BMT?
Before you go for your transplant, you will undergo several tests to discover what type of bone marrow cells you need. You may also undergo radiation or chemo to kill off the cancer cells or marrow cells before getting any new stem cells. The bone marrow test price may go up from INR 1659 to INR 8000.
You must make the following arrangements before your first transplant session, which The Medical Trip team assists you with. These can include:
- Insurance coverage, financial or payment of bills.
- Housing near the hospital for yourself or your loved ones.
- Medical leave from work.
- Arranging travel to and from the hospital.
During the bone marrow treatment, your immune system will be compromised, affecting its ability to fight infections. Therefore, you will have to stay in a particular hospital section reserved for people getting a bone marrow transplant. This reduces your risk of being out and exposed to anything that could cause an infection. The bone marrow test cost in India, as mentioned above, will be differentiated based on the hospital you prefer.
Recovery from Bone Marrow Transplant
Bone marrow transplantation entirely depends on the donor and recipient if they genetically match. This makes the transplant successful or not. Sometimes, it can be tough to find a good match among discrete donors. The engraftment’s state will be regularly surveilled. It is generally complete between 10 to 28 days after the initial transplant.
The typical recovery process and time for a bone marrow transplant are about two to three months. But, it may take up to a year for you to recover fully. Recovery also depends on other factors, including:
- The conditions being treated
- Donor match
- Where the transplant is conducted
There is a possibility that some of the symptoms you experience after the transplant will remain with you for the rest of your life.
People Also Ask (FAQs)
How much does a bone marrow transplant cost?
The bone marrow transplant cost in India is around INR 15,00,000 to INR 40,00,000. The actual may depend on the procedure and other treatments. It also depends geographically as the prices may be different from other places.
How are bone marrow transplants and stem cell transplants different?
A bone marrow transplant is a medical treatment or procedure that replaces the bone marrow with healthy cells. The substituted cells can either come from your body or a particular donor. On the other hand, to be a donor, you need to have stem cells that match the person you donate to. Some people ask what the cost of stem cell therapy in India is around $25,000.
How long will I be hospitalized after the bone marrow transplant procedure?
The state of your engraftment will be regularly monitored. It is generally complete between 10 to 28 days after the initial transplant. The typical recovery process and time for a bone marrow transplant are about three months.
How can I find out if I am a match for a relative’s bone marrow transplant?
It would be best if you had the same stem cell type. To find this out, you need a blood test at HLA typing or tissue typing. The lab team looks at the donor’s blood cells’ surface and compares them with the person needing a transplant.
Now you know what a Bone marrow transplant is, its procedure, symptoms, complications, and most importantly, the bone marrow transplantation cost in India. The average cost of bone marrow transplant in India, however, is around INR 15,00,000.